Racial clashes and violence may have erupted in Charlottesville this month over what to do with monuments to the leaders of the old, slave-owning Confederacy — but what about the statue of a self-proclaimed segregationist in Michigan?
Even up in northern states, communities are grappling with how to deal with the remnants of difficult histories.
A statue of Orville Hubbard, Dearborn’s longest serving mayor, stood in front of the city hall from 1989 to 2015, until it was placed in storage when the company Artspace bought the site.
Yet when the relic suddenly reappeared at the entrance of the Dearborn Historical Museum on Brady Street in March, public outcry and debate followed.
Hubbard, who served from 1942 to 1978, was known for keeping the city clean and making sure families had places like Camp Dearborn, but he was also staunchly against integrated housing and was one of most outspoken segregationists north of the Mason-Dixon line.
Current Mayor of Dearborn Jack O’Reilly told residents at the April 11 city council meeting his administration was behind its reinstallation.
“First of all, this sat out in front of our city hall for decades, OK,” he said. “It had to be dealt with in some fashion, and so we had to find a way to manage that… It’s a substantial part of the history of Dearborn whether we like it or not.”
In June, Third Circuit Court Judge Susan Hubbard said the city felt obliged to put the statue of her grandfather back up, because it was a gift to the city commissioned by his supporters.
“My grandfather would have never wanted a statue. Frankly, our family feels the same way. I would prefer it not have ever existed,” she said. “The statue just created a lot of misinformation.”
Lois Gueli, who’s called the city home for the past 31 years and lives six doors down from the museum, expressed concern regarding the monument.
She says Hubbard was, and is still, a symbol of suburban America’s resistance to racial integration.
“To me he’s not welcoming people into the museum. To me, he’s welcoming people into my neighborhood,” Gueli says.
In response to concerns from constituents, Andrew Kercher, assistant curator at the Dearborn Historical Museum, says O’Reilly met with a group of stakeholders (including museum curator Jack Tate and residents who had voice concerns), to discuss a new location.
Hubbard was moved to the north of the McFadden-Ross House nearby. Kercher says it’s only about 50 feet back, but passersby no longer see it from Michigan Avenue.
“What I kept saying is that you’re kind of missing the point here, it wasn’t just the physical location, it was the fact that it’s a context free statue,” Kercher says. “There’s nothing identifying him… If you didn’t already know who it was, then you’d be out of luck.”
Longtime city resident David Good, member of the Dearborn Historical Commission and author of Orvie: The Dictator of Dearborn: The Rise and Reign of Orville L. Hubbard, submitted updated wording for a sign to accompany the statue, because he says the original signage at City Hall sanitized history and gave no mention of Hubbard’s segregationist views.
“I believe that at the very least, we have to use the word that he preferred to refer to himself as, mainly a segregationist,” Good says. “If we can’t do that, 40 years after he left office, that’s a pretty pathetic commentary on what progress the city of Dearborn has made over that time.”
As cities across the nation focus on their monuments following Charlottesville, chair of the Historical Commission Glenn O’Kray says he and former chair Bill Hackett met with O’Reilly on Aug. 16 to discuss adding historical context to the statue.
O’Kray said the mayor agreed to the city would use verbiage approved by the historical commission.
“One tidbit is that the commission will have taken ownership of the verbiage, so that if there’s any criticism, we got to deal with it,” he says. “So actually, it takes the burden off the mayor.”
The most current draft of Hubbard’s new sign speaks to the contributions he made to Dearborn, while including the following on his views:
“Sometimes labeled a political ‘boss,’ Hubbard was a colorful, controversial figure who won re-election by landslide margins despite a libel judgement, a recall attempt, a grand jury investigation, a governor’s removal hearing, and a federal civil rights conspiracy trial. A self-acknowledged segregationist, he periodically gained negative national attention for comments that disparaged African-Americans.”
The historical commission will convene for their monthly meeting Aug. 22, there they will go over the wording once more and conduct their final vote.
“(The verbiage) should go through the process of having the commission approve it, and then we’ll be on our way,” O’Kray says. “We believe in presenting history as history, and there’s a question as to how to treat such things, but the commission believes that we should honest, and that history should be honest.”
Looking at the long-term, the city’s administration, the historical commission and the museum are all in agreement that Hubbard should be moved into the museum.
“It cannot be accommodated inside until the museum has the money to create the space for it among what is envision to be a comprehensive exhibit of Dearborn’s overall history,” says Mary Laundroche, director of the department of public information.
Kercher said Orvie would be a centerpiece in an exhibit about the social and economic history of Dearborn, where his role in shaping the city today can be properly and thoroughly explained.
“I am all for tackling difficult history; naive celebrations are a dime a dozen,” he says. “Race relations are incredibly important, and we are more than just Orvie. This presents us with a great opportunity…”
A petition is being circulated by the Historical Commission to get a millage proposal on the August 2018 ballot. If passed, Kercher says it would generate about $6 million over five years for the museum and allow the museum to renovate their office and storage building.
“By putting it at a museum, you are recognizing that it was something in your past, and it gives us the opportunity to reflect on the past in an honest way, so that we don’t make the same mistakes that have been made,” O’Kray says.
The petition needs 3,500 signatures or the decision to put the millage on the ballot will go to the city council.
This story was the result of an project by Wayne State University students working with longtime investigative reporter Joel Thurtell. Aleanna Siacon, Ali Berro, Jared Hoehing, Jacklyn Price, Clara Ruffin, and Jordan Works contributed to this story.