Sometimes, it is important to think big. In an era when corporations trample the globe with minimal restraint, and citizen movements around the world are on their heels, it is natural and necessary for those trying to check corporate power to think defensively and, when they do reflect on affirmative proposals, incrementally. But citizen movements need positive visions as well. And while there is a role for utopian outlines suggesting what society could be, concrete medium-term proposals are even more important.
One would not ordinarily look to Congress for such ideas, but two members of the U.S. House of Representatives offer sweeping proposals to regulate U.S.-based multinational corporations global operations and to reorient the global economy to sustainable development, not corporate greed. Rep. Cynthia McKinney, D-Ga., has introduced the Corporate Code of Conduct Act (H.R. 4596), and Rep. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., has introduced the Global Sustainable Development Resolution (H.Res. 479).
"It is time we reclaim the global economy for the people who make it work," insists McKinney, "and stop pandering to corporate interests who build their empires on the backs of the innocent."
"Corporate globalization," adds Sanders, "is forcing men and women around the world to run a destructive race to the bottom a competition in which workers, communities and entire countries are forced to cut wages, environmental protections and social programs to attract footloose capital."
McKinneys bill would require U.S.-based corporations with more than 20 employees abroad to enact a code of conduct. Significantly, the code also would apply to the companies subsidiaries, subcontractors, affiliates, joint ventures, partners or licensees meaning companies such as Nike would not be able to avoid responsibility for the practices of their subcontractors.
The code would establish a floor for corporate behavior, requiring companies overseas operations to:
Pay a living wage and ban specific practices, such as mandatory overtime for workers under 18, pregnancy testing and retaliation against whistleblowers.
Respect identified international labor standards (including the right to organize, minimum-wage guarantees and protections for occupational safety and health).
Adhere to both international environmental standards and U.S. federal environmental laws and regulations.
Publicly document where they do business directly or through subsidiaries or contractors, and provide extensive information on employment and environmental practices.
The bill would enforce the code of conduct through two mechanisms. First, the U.S. government would give preference to complying corporations in contracts and in export assistance. The bill would include certification and reporting requirements for companies, and would also establish an investigative process, open to citizen initiation, to determine compliance. Second, victims of violations of the bill including non-U.S. citizens would be able to sue U.S. companies in U.S. courts.
The Sanders resolution covers more territory than the McKinney bill. It too includes a corporate code of conduct, to be negotiated internationally, that contains many of the principles included in the McKinney bill.
But the heart of the Sanders resolution addresses the institutions regulating international commerce. The resolution would create U.S. and United Nations commissions on the global economy. The U.S. commission would hold town meetings and open hearings around the country to investigate the effect of globalization on the workers, industry and environment of the United States. The U.N. panel would both encourage other nations to hold their own series of town meetings and would initiate a global North-South dialogue aiming for negotiation of an international agreement for global sustainable development. Provisions that the Sanders resolution seeks through global negotiation or U.S. mandate include:
A tax on international currency transactions, designed to stem financial volatility.
Creation of a global investment fund, to heighten demand and meet pressing needs in developing countries.
Cancellation of the debts of the poorest countries, with no structural adjustment conditions (the package of Contract with America-style deregulatory conditions) attached.
A remaking of the World Bank, so that it ends support for destructive megaprojects and instead supports development of poor countries renewable energy capacity and food security.
A shrinking of the International Monetary Fund.
Trade agreements that "remove labor and environmental rights and conditions and social protections as factors of competition, such as by international agreements to avoid competitive cuts in the social safety nets" and guarantee "the right of nations and localities to plan for local economic development objectives such as raising employment levels, enhancing employment opportunities for targeted populations, raising wage levels in specific industries, dignified work and healthy communities."
Neither resolution will be enacted anytime soon. "This Congress is too beholden to corporate money to challenge its corporate masters," explains Sanders. Only stronger grassroots movements offer the prospect of changing Congresss primary allegiance. The importance of initiatives such as McKinneys and Sanders is that, by offering concrete proposals of steps to a better future, they can help generate and develop those movements. Russell Mokhiber is editor of the Washington, D.C.-based Corporate Crime Reporter. Robert Weissman is editor of the Washington, D.C.-based Multinational Monitor.
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